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Strategic Financial Port (SFP) PDF Print E-mail
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Saturday, 04 June 2011 22:46

Strategic Financial Port

 

Strategic financial port is basically about the identification of the possible strategies capable of maximizing an organization's market value. It involves the allocation of scarce capital resources among competing opportunities. It also encompasses the implementation and monitoring of the chosen strategy so as to achieve agreed objectives.

The key decisions falling within the scope of financial strategy include the following:

 

1. Financial decisions - this deals with the mode of financing or mix of equity capital and debt capital. If it is possible to alter the total value of the company by alteration in the capital structure of the company, then an optimal financial mix would exist - where the market value of the company is maximized.

 

2. Investment decision - this involves the profitable utilization of firm's funds especially in long-term projects (capital projects). Because the future benefits associated with such projects are not known with certainty, investment decisions necessarily involve risk. The projects are therefore evaluated in relation to their expected return and risk. For these are the factors that ultimately determine the market value of the company. To maximize the market value of the company, the financial manager will be interested in those projects with maximum returns and minimum risk. An understanding of cost of capital, capital structure and portfolio theory is a prerequisite here.

 

3. Dividend decision - dividend decision determines the division of earnings between payments to shareholders and reinvestment in the company. Retained earnings are one of the most significant sources of funds for financing corporate growth, dividends constitute the cash flows that accrue to shareholders. Although both growth and dividends are desirable, these goals are in conflict with each other. A higher dividend rate means rate means less retained earnings and consequently slower rate of growth in future earnings and share prices. The finance manager must provide reasonable answer to this conflict.

 

It should be noted that the theory of corporate finance is based on the assumption that the objective of management is to maximize the market value of the company. More specifically, it is settled in finance that the main objective of a company should be to maximize wealth of its ordinary shareholders.


Strategic financial planning management focuses on identifying possible strategies to maximize the market value of a company. This is the allocation of scarce capital resources among competing opportunities. It also includes the implementation and monitoring of the strategy chosen to achieve the agreed goals.

 

It should be noted that the theory of corporate finance on the assumption that the management objective of maximizing the market value of the company is based. More specifically, it is good, Finance, that the main objective of a company should be to maximize the wealth of its common shareholders.

 

Last Updated on Monday, 10 October 2011 13:25
 
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